Podil is an old district in Kyiv, where craftsmen and fishermen lived. The district was formed after fire of 1811 when all the wooden constructions burnt down. The compositional center of Podil is Kontraktova Square, where each house is interesting in its own way. Since 1798 the square was the place for fairs and the Merchants’ Yard was put up. It contained 50 stores with various goods and products. Unfortunately, the original building didn’t survive until today, and the new building of the same look was constructed. Near the Merchants’ Yard there is the fountain Samson, designed by Ukrainian architect Grigorovich-Barsky in 1749.